Taxa Selic fica abaixo de 7% ao ano pela primeira vez na história

Taxa Selic fica abaixo de 7% ao ano pela primeira vez na história Destaque

Pela 11ª vez seguida, o Banco Central (BC) baixou os juros básicos da economia. Por unanimidade, o Comitê de Política Monetária (Copom) reduziu ontem (7) a taxa Selic em 0,25 ponto percentual, de 7% ao ano para 6,75% ao ano. A decisão era esperada pelos analistas financeiros. Com a redução de hoje, a Selic continua no menor nível desde o início da série histórica do Banco Central, em 1986. De outubro de 2012 a abril de 2013, a taxa foi mantida em 7,25% ao ano e passou a ser reajustada gradualmente até alcançar 14,25% ao ano em julho de 2015. Em outubro de 2016, o Copom voltou a reduzir os juros básicos da economia até que a taxa chegasse a 7% ao ano em dezembro do ano passado, o nível mais baixo até então. Em nota, o Copom indicou que parará de cortar os juros na próxima reunião, no fim de março, caso as condições econômicas não mudem. O BC, no entanto, informou que a Selic poderá ser reduzida novamente caso o Congresso aprove as reformas estruturais, e a economia continue a crescer, com inflação sob controle e sem choques internacionais. “Para a próxima reunião, caso o cenário básico evolua conforme esperado, o comitê vê, neste momento, como mais adequada a interrupção do processo de flexibilização monetária. Essa visão para a próxima reunião pode se alterar e levar a uma flexibilização monetária moderada adicional, caso haja mudanças na evolução do cenário básico e do balanço de riscos”, destaca o comunicado do Copom. Apesar do corte de hoje, o Banco Central está afrouxando menos a política monetária. De abril a setembro, o Copom havia reduzido a Selic em 1 ponto percentual. O ritmo de corte caiu para 0,75 ponto em outubro, 0,5 ponto em dezembro e 0,25 ponto na reunião de hoje. A Selic é o principal instrumento do Banco Central para manter sob controle a inflação oficial, medida pelo Índice Nacional de Preços ao Consumidor Amplo (IPCA). Segundo o Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), o IPCA fechou 2017 em 2,95%, levemente abaixo do piso da meta de inflação, que é de 3%. O IPCA de janeiro será divulgado amanhã (8). Até 2016, o Conselho Monetário Nacional (CMN) estabelecia meta de inflação de 4,5%, com margem de tolerância de 2 pontos, podendo chegar a 6,5%. Para 2017 e 2018, o CMN reduziu a margem de tolerância para 1,5 ponto percentual. A inflação, portanto, não poderá superar 6% neste ano nem ficar abaixo de 3%. AB

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